Added: Kandise Lindberg - Date: 11.02.2022 17:05 - Views: 40189 - Clicks: 2981
Every generation of teens is shaped by the social, political, and economic events of the day. She identifies their unique qualities by analyzing four nationally representative surveys of 11 million teens since the s.
Those surveys, which have asked the same questions and some new ones of teens year after year, allow comparisons among Boomers, Gen Xers, Millennials, and iGens at exactly the same ages. In addition to identifying cross-generational trends in these surveys, Twenge tests her inferences against her own follow-up surveys, interviews with teens, and findings from smaller experimental studies.
Here are just a few of her conclusions. Twenge finds that new media is making teens more lonely, anxious, and depressed, and is undermining their social skills and even their sleep. They spend five to six hours a day texting, chatting, gaming, web surfing, streaming and sharing videos, and hanging out online.
While other observers have equivocated about the impact, Twenge is clear: More than two hours a day raises the risk for serious mental health problems. She draws these conclusions by showing how the national rise in teen mental health problems mirrors the market penetration of iPhones—both take an upswing around And experimental studies suggest that when teens give up Facebook for a period or spend time in nature without their phones, for example, they become happier.
The mental health consequences are Anyone wanting to suck and teen adults friends acute for younger teens, she writes. This makes sense developmentally, since the onset of puberty triggers a cascade of changes in the brain that make teens more emotional and more sensitive to their social world.
Social media use, Twenge explains, means teens are spending less time with their friends in person. At the same time, online content creates unrealistic expectations about happiness, body image, and more and more opportunities for feeling left out—which scientists now know has similar effects as physical pain. Girls may be especially vulnerable, since they use social media more, report feeling left out more often than boys, and report twice the rate of cyberbullying as boys do.
Discover five ways parents can help prevent teen depression. Learn how the adolescent brain transforms relationships. Understand the purpose of the teenage brain. Explore how to help teens find purpose. Twenge floats a fascinating hypothesis to explain this—one that is well-known in social science but seldom discussed outside academia.
In her popular book, How to Raise an AdultJulie Lythcott-Haims writes that students entering college have been over-parented and as a result are timid about exploration, afraid to make mistakes, and unable to advocate for themselves.
Twenge suggests that the reality is more complicated. Compared to generations, iGens believe they have less control over how their lives turn out. Instead, they think that the system is already rigged against them—a dispiriting finding about a segment of the lifespan that is deed for creatively reimagining the future. A safe space is a zone that is absent of triggering rhetoric. Comedians are steering clear of college campuses, Twenge reports, afraid to offend.
And Twenge claims that childhood has lengthened, but that runs counter to data showing earlier onset of puberty. The implicit lesson for parents is that we need more nuanced parenting. We can be close to our children and still foster self-reliance.
We can allow some screen time for our teens and make sure the priority is still on in-person relationships. We can teach empathy and respect but also how to engage in hard discussions with people who disagree with us. We should not shirk from teaching skills for adulthood, or we risk raising unprepared children.
And we can—and must—teach teens that marketing of new media is always to the benefit of the seller, not necessarily the buyer. The cross-generational analysis that Twenge offers is an important reminder that lives are shaped by historical shifts in culture, economy, and technology. Therefore, if we as a society truly care about human outcomes, we must carefully nurture the conditions in which the next generation can flourish. The good news is that iGens are less entitled, narcissistic, and over-confident than earlier generations, and they are ready to work hard. They are inclusive and concerned about social justice.
And they are increasingly more diverse and less partisan, which means they may eventually insist on more cooperative, more just, and more egalitarian systems. Diana Divecha, Ph. Her blog is developmentalscience. Become a subscribing member today. Scroll To Top Every generation of teens is shaped by the social, political, and economic events of the day. Who are the iGens? Get the science of a meaningful parenting delivered to your inbox.
About the Author. Diana Divecha Diana Divecha, Ph. This article — and everything on this site — is funded by readers like you.
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When Life Sucks for Teens